Grandparents have rights to visitation with their grandchildren under certain circumstances. If a child’s parents are unmarried; if the child’s parents start divorce, dissolution, or legal separation proceedings; or if one of the parents has died, a grandparent can ask the court for companionship or visitation rights if the grandparent can show he or she has an interest in the welfare of the child. The child’s parents can object, but ultimately the court will decide on grandparent visitation based on what is in the best interests of the child.
Sometimes a grandparent with visitation rights believes these rights are permanent. Grandparents can have their rights terminated if a parent can show a change in circumstances that makes visitation something that is not in the child’s best interest. One example of a grandparent having visitation rights taken away is when their son- or daughter-in-law (parent of the child) remarries and the child’s new stepmother or stepfather adopts the child (stepparent adoption). Under Ohio law, the grandparent becomes a “stranger,” legally, to the child. The grandparent would have no rights to visitation, or anything, with the grandchild. Perhaps he or she could still visit with the grandchild, but this would be at the discretion of the parents.
Grandparents’ rights to visitation with their grandchildren in Ohio are not as strong as in other states. There are states that permit visitation for grandparents with a grandchild who has been adopted, but Ohio is not one of them. If you have questions, don’t hesitate to reach out to see if I can help at firstname.lastname@example.org.