In Ohio, we have “advance directives” that include a living will and a healthcare power of attorney. A living will (not related to a Last Will & Testament which distributes your assets after you die) is an end-of-life document that details what medical treatment you want or don’t want if you are dying. Death must be imminent. Any treatment is only prolonging death. A healthcare power of attorney gives a person you choose the power to make healthcare decisions for you if you can’t make them yourself. This person cannot contradict your living will.
Most living wills state that we don’t want to be kept alive by artificial means such as a ventilator if death is imminent and there is no reasonable hope for recovery. The scenario that comes to mind is one where someone’s organs are shutting down, breathing is labored, death is near, and the last thing we want is to be hooked up to a ventilator and have a machine breathe for us. We state these wishes in our living will, and hopefully our agent in our durable power of attorney for healthcare ensures that our wishes are followed by medical personnel.
Some people are reconsidering their living wills in light of the coronavirus. The need for a ventilator to help us breathe seems common for many of those being treated for coronavirus/covid-19, and there is concern that if you have a living will stating “no ventilator,” then you won’t get one if you are being treated for coronavirus. This not true.
A living will applies only when death is imminent and a machine, such as a ventilator, will only prolong your death. With coronavirus, a ventilator is used as treatment for recovery, and ventilators remain in use as long as there is a reasonable hope for recovery. It is used as treatment to counter the effects of what the virus is doing to your lungs. That is not a situation where a machine is simply prolonging death. When you sign your living will, you are not stating that you do not want a breathing machine or ventilator under any circumstance. A living will is not a document that doctors consult to determine a course of treatment. It is a document that is used in determining end of life decisions.
If you have any questions regarding healthcare documents, and how coronavirus/covid-19 might affect when the documents are used, please email me at email@example.com.